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Le Zimbabwe A Besoin D'aide

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Solution africaine classique : le partage du gateau.

De Tsvangirai, on sait qu'il est réellement courageux, prêt à affronter un danger physique. Quant à son niveau de corruption, ça, le seul moyen de s'en faire une idée est de le voir à l'oeuvre, donc on va en savoir plus. Question subsidiaire : quelle sera l'efficacité des mesures prises sous cape par Mugage pour le priver de tout pouvoir effectif?

Zimbabwe rivals agree unity deal

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South African president Thabo Mbeki confirms the power sharing deal

Zimbabwe's opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai and President Robert Mugabe have reached a deal to share power.

After mediating four days of talks in Harare, South African President Thabo Mbeki said the agreement would be signed and made public on Monday.

Mr Tsvangirai has confirmed the deal, but Mr Mugabe has yet to comment.

The government and the opposition MDC had already agreed that Mr Tsvangirai would be prime minister with Mr Mugabe staying on as president.

Negotiations started at the end of July, but had stalled over the allocation of executive power between Mr Mugabe and Mr Tsvangirai, bitter rivals for a decade.

Mr Tsvangirai may now chair a new council of ministers and control the day-to-day running of the country, but Mr Mugabe will head the cabinet, the BBC's Peter Biles says.

However, how two, in effect parallel, governments will work is unclear, he adds.

'Parallel governments'

Mr Tsvangirai, leader of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), was first to announce the breakthrough, telling reporters simply: "We've got a deal."

Later, Mr Mbeki told a news conference the two sides had agreed to form an inclusive government.

He said: "I am absolutely certain that the leadership of Zimbabwe is committed to implementing these agreements."

MDC spokesman Nelson Chamisa told the BBC: "Both political parties are committed, it's our wish that the deal will be successful."

Zimbabwe's envoy to the UN, Boniface Chidyausiku, told the BBC that the deal was a "triumph for African diplomacy".

The UN special representative on Zimbabwe, Haile Menkerios, said the announcement marked a way forward that all sides could live with.

Britain's Foreign Office said it was following the situation closely, adding that "our concern is the welfare of the Zimbabwean people".

The discussions are thought to have been deadlocked over how many ministries each party should have in a unity government, and how much power Mr Mugabe should retain.

Mr Tsvangirai has consistently demanded that he should become executive prime minister, thereby taking over some of the powers that Mr Mugabe has exercised for more than 28 years, the BBC's Peter Biles says.

Aid hopes

The agreement opens the way for international donors (NdN : hi hi) to help to revive Zimbabwe's economy.

It is now the fastest shrinking in the world with an annual inflation galloping to more than 11m%.

Mr Mugabe, in power since independence from Britain in 1980, won a controversial June presidential run-off election unopposed after Mr Tsvangirai withdrew, claiming the MDC was the target of state-sponsored violence.

In the first presidential election in March, Mr Tsvangirai gained more votes than Mr Mugabe, but official results say he did not pass the 50% threshold for outright victory.

Earlier on Thursday, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown said any power-sharing deal in Zimbabwe would be judged by how much it reflected legitimate election results.

Story from BBC NEWS:


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  • 2 months later...

Enfin un dirigeant d'un pays voisin qui demande à Mugabe de partir. C'est suffisamment rare pour mériter d'être signalé.

Kenya PM calls for Mugabe removal

Robert Mugabe blames Western sanctions for Zimbabwe's woes

Power-sharing in Zimbabwe is dead and it is time for African governments to oust President Robert Mugabe, Kenyan Prime Minister Raila Odinga has said.

His comments are some of the strongest by an African leader against Mr Mugabe, says the BBC's Karen Allen in Nairobi.

"It's time for African governments… to push him out of power," Mr Odinga said after talks with Zimbabwe's opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai.

Zimbabwe is in political deadlock over a unity coalition government deal.

State media reported the arrest of 10 soldiers who allegedly ran amok in the capital Harare on Monday because a bank had no money to pay their wages. Six other soldiers accused of looting last week had also been held.

Meanwhile, a cholera outbreak has killed hundreds of people.

See detailed map of cholera affected areas

"Power-sharing is dead in Zimbabwe and will not work with a dictator who does not really believe in power-sharing," Mr Odinga told the BBC.

The BBC's Karen Allen in Nairobi says the Kenyan prime minister had also held talks with Jacob Zuma, president of South Africa's governing African National Congress party.

Mr Zuma has declared a new alliance between his party and the Kenyan leader, designed to elevate the Zimbabwe issue, she says.

Our central hospitals are literally not functioning

Health Minister David Parirenyatwa

Harare diary: 'Too much to take'

'Water crisis hinders cholera fight'

Mr Odinga said that if Mr Mugabe were isolated, he would have no choice but to quit.

"I do believe strongly that if the leadership in South Africa took a firm stand and told Mugabe to quit he will have no choice but to do so," the Kenyan PM said.

Mr Odinga was sure Mr Zuma, who is tipped to become president of South Africa next year, would have "no hesitation in taking that step".

He also said he had advised Mr Tsvangirai to boycott the stalled power-sharing talks with Mr Mugabe.

The comments could signal a ramping up of pressure in the region against Mr Mugabe, says our correspondent.

Mr Tsvangirai has been on a whirlwind tour of several African countries appealing for help.

His Movement for Democratic Change party and Mr Mugabe's Zanu-PF agreed to share power in September, following disputed elections, but have been wrangling over how to share cabinet posts ever since.

Zimbabwe has appealed for international help over a cholera outbreak that has claimed at least 565 lives. At least 12,545 cases have been recorded since August.

'National emergency'

The country's authorities, which last week said there was no crisis, have now declared the outbreak a national emergency.

Health Minister David Parirenyatwa warned on Wednesday hospitals were badly lacking in basic medical supplies, equipment and staff.

"Our central hospitals are literally not functioning," he told the state-owned Herald newspaper.

And Zimbabwe's deputy health minister Dr Edwin Muguti told the BBC that patients would die without urgent medical aid.

The health sector has been unable to cope with the cholera outbreak

He said they had appealed to the UK, which along with other Western countries Zimbabwe often blames for its economic collapse, for help.

"They are the former colonial power so we have not cut our relations with the British," he said. "I'm speaking English because of my heritage from colonialism. So we continue to ask the colonial power as well to assist."

British Prime Minister Gordon Brown said UK development aid to Zimbabwe would be increased.

"Mugabe's failed state is no longer willing or capable of protecting its people," Mr Brown said. "Thousands are stricken with cholera, and must be helped urgently."

The European Commission has pledged more than $12m (£8m) for drugs and clean water in Zimbabwe.

Most of Zimbabwe's capital has been without water all week. State media said the water was cut because of a lack of purification tablets to help prevent the spread of cholera.

Zimbabwe's government has blamed its crisis on Western sanctions it says are aimed at trying to bring down Mr Mugabe.

But the sanctions imposed after allegations of electoral fraud and political violence are aimed at the president and his close associates and consist of travel bans and a freeze on their foreign assets.


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  • 2 weeks later...

Record battu !

La Banque centrale du Zimbabwe a introduit vendredi un billet de 10 milliards de dollars zimbabwéens, tentant une nouvelle fois de rattraper une hyperinflation record qui vide la monnaie nationale de toute valeur.

C'est beau le socialisme appliqué ! :icon_up:


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Announcement - Zimbabwean Dollar Exchange Rates

Compustat will be removing the currency exchange rates for the Zimbabwean dollar beginning with the rate published on May 12, 2008, and continuing until further notice. This measure is in response to the continuing increase in the number of significant digits of the Zimbabwean currency exchange rate due to that country's hyperinflation.


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Enfin ! Après avoir appliqué encore plus de recettes socialistes pour pallier l'échec de recettes socialistes. Après le billet de 10 milliards de dollars zimbabwéens qui vaut 33$US, après 96% de chômeurs, Mugabe va essayer l'anarcocapitalisme : il supprime le contrôle des prix et autorise l'usage de monnaies étrangères au Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe sidelines currency as economy collapses

Zimbabwe sidelined its own near-worthless currency yesterday, declaring the US dollar, the British pound and even the Botswana Pula as legal tender in the country’s rapidly collapsing economy.

“The Government is allowing the use of multiple foreign currencies for business alongside the Zimbabwean dollar,” Patrick Chinamasa, the acting Finance Minister, announced in a humiliating admission that the Mugabe’s regime’s battle to prop up the national currency was lost.

From now on, shops, insurance companies, schools, state-owned utilities could charge in foreign and local currency — though many of them will have to be licenced. A range of taxes will also be payable in hard and local currency. Mr Chinamasa’s estimates of expenditure were presented in Zimbabwe dollars, US dollars and Rand.

Private companies will able to pay employees in hard currency, but the regime is risking serious unrest by effectively leaving out Government workers, including the army and the police.

Last month, hundreds of soldiers went on the rampage over monthly pay of several billion that then could buy a couple of loaves of bread. The unpredictability of the army is seen as the most serious threat to President Mugabe’s continued stay in power.

Mr Chinamasa said that civil servants would continue to be paid in Zimbabwe dollars but would also receive a monthly allowance worth a basket of basic household goods in US dollar terms — in government-issued vouchers.

The Government began to pull back on its rigorous exchange control policy late last year when it issued licences to shops - at US$ 20,000 a time - to charge in foreign currency. Supermarket shelves that had been empty for over a year were suddenly filled with imported goods, but police were still arresting people dealing in hard currency outside the official system and searching bus passengers for foreign banknotes.

MPs in the house of assembly roared their approval as Mr Chinamasa announced the move that ends decades of Soviet bloc-type economic controls which have steadily eroded what was one of Africa’s most robust economies. He also loosened a wide range of restrictions that have contributed to the economy’s ruin. “It requires a paradigm shift in terms of acknowledging the reality that we cannot eat what we don’t have,” he said.

He cancelled price controls introduced in May last year that instantly caused shortages of goods which surfaced again on the black market at sharply steeper prices. The Prices and Incomes Commission, whose inspectors put thousands of struggling businessmen in jail for “overcharging” and often then looted their businesses, would be confined to “an advisory role,” Mr Chinamasa said.

The Finance Minister stunned MPs by accusing the country’s central bank w of fuelling inflation through “excessive money supply from unbudgeted expenditure”. Under its governor, Gideon Gono, the bank has adopted a proudly declared policy of printing money as fast as it could to bail out the Government’s reckless spending. The bank’s enthusiasm for printing money has been the most important factor driving Zimbabwe’s hyperinflation.

Zimbabwe’s shambolic economic management was characterised by the way Mr Gono marketed his autobiography when it went on sale in December. In the state-controlled bookstore selling it, the book went for US$ 25 — the only item in the shop charged for in foreign currency.


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