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Antoninov

Jefferson et les institutions bancaires?

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On voit fleurir cette citation un peu partout en ces temps troublés:

"Je pense que les institutions bancaires sont plus dangereuses pour nos libertés que des armées entières prêtes au combat. Si le peuple américain permet un jour que des banques privées contôlent leur monnaie, les banques et toutes les institutions qui fleuriront autour des banques priveront les gens de toute possession, d'abord par l'inflation, ensuite par la récession, jusqu'au jour où leurs enfants se réveilleront, sans maison et sans toit, sur la terre que leurs parents ont conquis"

Thomas Jefferson 1802

J'ai trouvé la citation originale en anglais:

BANK (NATIONAL) (THREAT TO LIBERTY)

If the American People ever allow the banks to control the issuance of their currency, first by inflation and then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around them will deprive the people of all property until their children wake up homeless on the continent their fathers occupied. The issuing power of money should be taken from the bankers and restored to Congress and the people to whom it belongs. I sincerely believe the banking institutions having the issuing power of money are more dangerous to liberty than standing armies.

We are completely saddled and bridled, and the bank is so firmly mounted on us that we must go where they ill guide.

The dominion which the banking institutions have obtained over the minds of our citizens…must be broken, or it will break us.

(Letter to James Monroe, January 1, 1815).

Cela semble parfois en contradiction avec ce que Jefferson disait de la future création d'une banque nationale…

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On voit fleurir cette citation un peu partout en ces temps troublés:

J'ai trouvé la citation originale en anglais:

Cela semble parfois en contradiction avec ce que Jefferson disait de la future création d'une banque nationale…

La traduction est horriblement mauvaise. Jefferson était partisan du contrôle de la monnaie par le Congrès, certes mais avec une monnaie fondée sur l'or et l'argent, comme on peut le voir ici:

http://etext.virginia.edu/jefferson/quotations/jeff1325.htm

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The first part of the quotation ("If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first by inflation, then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around them will deprive the people of all property until their children wake up homeless on the continent their Fathers conquered") has not been found anywhere in Thomas Jefferson's writings, to Albert Gallatin or otherwise. It is identified in Respectfully Quoted as spurious, and the editor further points out that the words "inflation" and "deflation" did not come into use until 1864 and 1920, respectively.[3]

The second part of the quotation ("I believe that banking institutions are more dangerous to our liberties than standing armies…") may well be a paraphrase of a statement Jefferson made in a letter to John Taylor in 1816. He wrote, "And I sincerely believe, with you, that banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies; and that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity, under the name of funding, is but swindling futurity on a large scale."[4]

The third part of this quotation ("The issuing power should be taken from the banks and restored to the people, to whom it properly belongs") has not been found in any of Jefferson's writings. In fact, he said something rather different in 1813: "The States should be applied to, to transfer the right of issuing circulating paper to Congress exclusively, in perpetuum, if possible…"[5]

Lastly, we have not found a record of any publication called The Debate Over the Recharter of the Bank Bill. There was certainly debate over the recharter of the National Bank leading up to its expiration in 1811, but a search of Congressional documents of that period yields none of the verbiage discussed above.

http://wiki.monticello.org/mediawiki/index…nks_(Quotation)

Citation fort douteuse donc…

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Merci, bien vu !

Je mettrait à jour mon post la dessus dé ce WE.

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